Learn how to create easy, Needle Felted Fabric Shapes with colorful Wool Roving and Cookie Cutters
When I first started my adventure into the alpaca fiber world, most people (including me) had never heard of wool felting much less Needle Felting!
But have you noticed? It has become quite the popular craft in recent years and I am seeing little figurines and kits everywhere.
The basic steps of needle felting:
- Gather supplies: Wool, Felting Needles, Cookie Cutters, Pad, Finger Protectors
- Thin out wool and place in a cookie cutter
- Stick a felting needle in the wool and pull it back out. Repeat all over the fiber and along the edges
- Turn over the wool and repeat Step 3
- Continue felting until the wool becomes a piece of fabric that can’t be pulled apart
- What is Needle Felting?
- What materials do you need?
- Basic Needle Felting Instructions
- Can you felt with a regular needle?
- Can needle felting be done with a sewing machine?
- Can you needle felt onto any fabric?
What is Needle Felting?
Basically, Felting is the process of producing felt, a textile or fabric that is made by combining and compressing loose fibers, hair or wool roving. Confusing, right?
It just means that you tangle the hair to form a matted piece.You know, when you have a thick tangle in your hair that is hard to comb out? Same thing.
With Needle Felting, this process is accomplished by matting the wool with a special barbed or notched felting needle.
It is a dry felting method because the wool is never wet as opposed to wet felting where the wool is felted with water, soap and agitation. You can learn more about how to wet felt in this tutorial.
There are various methods of needle felting. This tutorial is written with the beginning needle felter in mind. So, I’m going to show you how to make a simple thin, flat piece of felt with wool roving.
We will shape these pieces by felting the wool inside cookie cutters. These wool shapes can then be used as patches or decoration for clothing but they also make fun little Christmas ornaments.
What materials do you need?
The very basic tools you need to begin this fiber art are some kind of wool or wool roving, felting needles, cookie cutters (for making flat shapes) and some sort of underlayment like a felting pad or a very thick sponge.
This will protect your lap, the table and also the felting needles which are prone to breaking.
You can also get a complete felting kit which has everything you need to begin.
Depending on which part you are trying to felt, you can use either a single needle or multiples. For example, smaller areas and edges are easier to felt with just one needle.
Conversely, a felting tool is useful for larger areas as it holds several needles and you can complete those parts much quicker.
CAUTION! This is not a suitable craft for young children. Felting Needles are extremely sharp!
Wool or Wool Roving
Next, you need some type of wool or roving. This can be in the form of raw sheep wool or fancy mohair or alpaca fiber. It is entirely up to you.
As a beginning felter, I recommend you purchase wool roving. This is prewashed and you can find roving in multi packs which contain many wonderful colors. That way you are not stuck with a big amount of one color wool.
A felting pad is simply a think piece of soft material which has two main purposes.
First, a felting pad protects whatever is underneath the wool such as a table or your lap. Second, it gives the felting needles something soft to stick into so they don’t break.
For this purpose, you can also use a thick sponge like the ones they sell at a hardware or automotive store. They are cheap and easy to find but the downside is that those sponges don’t hold up very well after several uses.
Therefore, if you’re going to do several needle felted pieces, I recommend using a felting pad. They last much longer and you should be able to find one at a craft store or your local yarn shop.
You can use any type of cookie cutter but beware that felting needles are fairly fragile and more likely to break if they hit metal instead of a plastic cookie cutter.
While not absolutely necessary, you may want to get some finger protectors. You would be surprised how many times I stab myself with those felting needles and believe me, they hurt!
Basic Needle Felting Instructions
Thin Out the Wool Roving
The first thing you need to do is thin out your wool/wool roving. As a general rule, it is better to needle felt several thin layers of wool as opposed to one thick layer.
You can always add more layers to thicken your piece but it is hard to remove a layer once everything is thoroughly felted.
To thin out your wool, with your hands, gently open up the roving (side to side) until you can just see through it.
Don’t be afraid to tug. You will not hurt it. The worst that can happen is that you pull it apart.
Felting the first side
Next, place one of the cookie cutters on top of your felting pad or sponge. Then put a thin layer of roving inside the cookie cutter making sure to get the wool into the corners of the cookie cutter as well.
If you are using finger protectors, go ahead and put those on. Now, you are ready to begin needle felting.
Pick up your felting needle or tool and very carefully begin poking through the wool into the felting pad and pulling the needle back out.
You do not have to poke the needle very far into the pad. Just make sure to put it all the way through the wool.
Do this very slowly at first and keep your hands out of the wool! Trust me when I say you don’t want to poke yourself.
Continue poking the needle in and straight back out again. Make sure and felt all along the edges as well. You will start to see the fibers blending and matting together.
Needle felt the other side
Once you have thoroughly covered the top side of the wool for a few minutes, remove the cookie cutter and set aside.
Now, using your fingers along the edges, carefully peel the wool off the felting mat. It will probably lose some of its shape but that’s okay.
Flip over your piece and place it back in the cookie cutter. Begin working this side the same as the first. Carefully poking the entire surface of the wool with the needle. Pay close attention to the corners and edges.
Repeat the above steps: Again, peel the felt from the mat and turn it over. Now add another layer of wool and keep working it. Continue until the wool is thoroughly matted.
Test the felting process
To test how well the wool is matting, gently pull at the piece and see if it comes apart. Once your wool is holding together well and not coming apart, your felt is ready to use.
If you are making an elbow patch or decoration, your piece is finished. You can make it thicker by adding more wool or you can embellish it with different colors of wool to make faces, etc. but for the most part, you piece is ready to sew on.
If you want to make a 3 dimensional piece such as a Christmas ornament, just continue adding layers of wool and felting all sides including the edges.
See how easy it is to make fun wool shapes using cookie cutters? And since cookie cutters come in all shapes and sizes, you can personalize them for all of your loved ones.
Do you have someone that loves horses? You could make a Christmas ornament or gift tag in a horse shape with brown wool roving. Baby Yoda is all the rage. I’m sure they have a cookie cutter for that, too. The options are virtually endless.
More Needle Felting Instructions
This article covers just the basics of needle felting for beginners. I simply showed you how to make a flat felt shape that can be used for clothing patches, etc. The real fun begins with 3 dimensional needle felt pieces.
Have you seen the super cute needle felted animals? Those are made with a more advanced, 3 dimensional technique.
Some fiber artists use a type of armature or wire skeleton to give the piece structure. But, I have also seen felters make their animals with nothing but wool.
Personally, I have not tried my hand at needle felting animals or other 3 dimensional shapes.
But, if you want to learn more, Wiki How has a great article showing you three different ways to needle felt.
Have you tried needle felting? I’d love to see your creations.
- Wool Roving
- Felting Needles
- Cookie Cutters
- Felting Pad or Thick Sponge
- Finger Protectors
- Thin out your wool/wool roving. As a general rule, it is better to needle felt several thin layers of wool as opposed to one thick layer.
- Place cookie cutter on the felting pad. Put a thin layer of roving inside a cookie cutter making sure to get the wool into the corners of the cookie cutter as well.
- Using your felting needles, begin poking them through the wool into the felting pad and pulling the needles back out. Do this all over your wool including the corners and edges.
- Once you have thoroughly covered the top side of the wool for a few minutes, remove the cookie cutter, carefully remove the wool from the pad and flip it over. Replace the cookie cutter and repeat Step 3.
Keep felting and flipping the piece over until you can't pull the fibers apart with your fingers.
- At this point, you can add a hanger to make an ornament or use your felted shape as an elbow patch or other embellishment.
NEEDLE FELTING IS NOT SUITABLE FOR CHILDREN!
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Needle Felting Kit, Wool Roving 40 Colors Set,Needle Felting Starter Kit,Wool Felt Tools with Felting Tool Instruction Included for Felted Animal Needle Felting Supplies
72 Pcs Needle Felting Kit, Needle Felting Needles, 8 Needle Felting Tool Holder, Needle Felting Foam, Awl
Woolbuddy Needle Felting 100% Woolen Mat (Teal)
32 PCS Cookie Cutter Set, Biscuit Cutter Set, Shapes Cutter Set (Square, Round, Star, Heart, Flower, Gingersnap)
Can you felt with a regular needle?
Honestly, I have never tried felting with a regular needle but my first instinct is to say No, you cannot.
Felting needles are special because they have little notches or barbs along the sides. The notches grab the fiber and push it up and down through the wool and tangling it.
Regular needles have smooth sides so they would not be able to tangle the wool like felting needles can.
Can needle felting be done with a sewing machine?
Since sewing machines use regular, smooth needles, you can’t use one for this. There are, however, special needle felting machines, similar to a sewing machine which come in a variety of sizes and strengths.
Can you needle felt onto any fabric?
Yes, you can as long as the needle will pass through the fabric, you can felt onto it. That said, some fabrics are easier than others. Open weave textiles are a bit easier to work with. Also, wool tends
Very tightly woven fabrics will work but may be more difficult and you may break a few needles.
Related Wool Felting Articles
What is Felting? A Complete Beginner’s Guide
– Basic Wet Felting
– How to Felt – Cobweb Felting Technique
– Nuno Felting
– Resist Felting
Wet Felt: Adding Color & Texture the Easy Way
How to: Lattice Felting
Wet Felted Easter Eggs
How to Make Felted Dryer Balls
DIY Wool Dryer Balls with Needle Felt Designs